Center for Ecological Studies

PAN Kaiwen Research Group

PAN Kaiwen Research Group

Update time: 10/14/2016

PI: Dr. Kaiwen Pan, professor, Doctoral tutor, group leader 

Chief scientist of Ecological Processes and Biodiversity Research Group

Chengdu Institute of Biology
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041






1987. 9 – 1991. 7, B. Sc. Degree in forestry from the Department of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Yaan, Sichuan Province, P. R. China; 

1991. 9 – 1994. 7, M. Sc. Degree in Silviculture from the Faculty of Forestry & Horticulture in Sichuan Agricultural University, Sichuan Province, P. R. China; 

1994. 9 -1997. 6,  PhD degree in ecology science (plant community structure, function and dynamics) from Shenyang Institute of Applied Ecology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, P. R. China 


1997.7 - 1999. 11, Assistant researcher, Center for Botanic Studies, Chengdu Institute of Biology (CIB), the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), P. R. China; 

1999.12 - 2002. 7, Associate professor, Center for Studies on Restoration of Degradation Ecosystem, CIB, CAS, P. R. China; 

2002. 8 – present, Professor, Center for Ecological Studies, CIB, CAS, P. R. China; 

2006. 6 – present, Vice-head and Professor in Center for Ecological Studies, CIB, P. R. China;

2016.8– present, Principal scientist in Ecological Processes and Biodiversity Research, Vice-head and professor in Center for Ecological Studies, CIB, P. R. China. 

Involvement in Editorial board member of group leader

Ecology and Environmental Sciences

Agricultural Science

Frontiers in Environmental Science, section Agroecology and Land Use Systems

Journal of Chinese Urban Forestry

Involement in professional society of group leader

Deputy director of Professional Committee of Allelopathy, CSPP

The Secretary General of the ecological society of Sichuan Province

Deputy director of Professional Committee of Ecology, Environmental Science Society of Sichuan Province

Executive director of the Geographical Society of Sichuan Province

HONORS & AWARDS of group leader

2001, Silver Medal for Science & Technology Award from the People’s Government of Sichuan Province;

2006, Silver Medal for Science & Technology Award from the People’s Government of Sichuan Province; 

2007, Award for Expert with Outstanding Achievement from the CPC Sichuan Province Committee and the People’s Government of Sichuan Province; 

2012, Award for Outstanding Environmental Science and Technology Worker from the Ninth Chinese Environmental Science Society;

2014, Academic Technology Leaders in Sichuan Province.


2003. 9 - 2004. 9, Visiting professor affiliated with Griffith University, Australia 

2005. 8 – 2005. 10, Senior scholar in Yokohama National University, Japan 

Prof. PAN Kaiwen attended international conferences and visited relevant laboratories in Australia, Japan, USA, Denmark, and Czech Republic, etc. He had established the effective linkages of relevant collaborative researches with colleagues in USA, Japan, Australia, Czech Republic and Spain. 

Other members in the Group


Dr. Zhang Linassociate professor. He is interested in restoration ecology and soil ecology.



Dr. Sun Xiaoming, Research assistant. She is interested in soil fauna ecology and forest ecology.


Dr. Xiong Qinli, Research assistant. He is interested in landscape ecology and geographic information system.


Mr. Wu XiaogangResearch probationer. He is interested in vegetation ecology.


Mr. Sun FengDoctoral students in grade three. He is interested in soil fauna ecology, especially in ecological studies of nematode and microbe.



Mr. Li ZilongDoctoral students in grade two. He is interested in plant physioecology, especially in responses of plants to stressed drought and rainfall.


 Mr. Wang SizhongDoctoral students in grade two. He is interested in soil fauna ecology, especially in responses of soil macrofauna to stressed drought and rainfall.



Mr. Akash Tariq from PakistanDoctoral students in grade two. He is interested in plant physioecology, especially in responses of tree species to stressed drought and rainfall.


Mr. Olatunji Abiodun Oluanya from NigeriaDoctoral students in grade two. He is interested in soil ecology, especially in soil food webs.


Mr. Song DagangDoctoral students in grade one. He is interested in plant community ecology.


Mr. Zhang AipingGraduate students in grade two. He is interested in plant community ecology.



Miss Tan XueGraduate students in grade one. She is interested in plant community ecology.


Miss Huang DanGraduate students in grade one. She is interested in soil ecology.


Research field


It includes the dynamics of the important functional groups of large scale animals, nematodes, collembola and mites, relationships of soil food web and relative to environmental factors, and its spatial distribution pattern in large scale. We are also interested in analyzing the relationships between the underground nutrients and the soil food web, the interaction effects between the underground food webs and the aboveground plant functional groups in the context of human activities and climate change, etc. in mountainous regions of Southwestern China.


This include studies on the southwestern mountain forests, agroforestry systems and burned forest area, with the aim to explore the cycles of carbon and nitrogen, phosphorus and other elements of the forest soil and its responses to global change and human control, and as well as biological mechanism of soil animal, microorganism and enzyme. Some attentions will be paid to the studies of plant ecophysiology, forest management, crop cultivation, water and fertilizer management, soil and water conservation for improving comprehensive benefits of ecosystem services.


On the basis of investigating typical plant communities in southwestern mountainous regions, the remote sensing and geographic information system and other methods, combined with statistical methods will be used to study the spatial distribution patterns of typical plant communities, rare and endangered plants and important forest ecosystems. Its formation mechanism will be discussed on the basis of previous studies in the fields of palynology, paleoclimate, plant systemic evolution. Hot spot area will thus be identified for providing suggestions of protection, control measures and policy in this region.

Ecological restoration of degraded ecosystem caused by Key construction projects

There have being some ecological wound caused by important construction projects such as hydropower station, road and mining in southwestern mountain region, dry valley, and high altitude fragile area. To obtain technical system for the ecological recovery of these anthropogenic wound, suitable plant species will be screened. Soil water and fertilizer managements, plant community design as well as reconstruction studied will be our main focus.

Regional ecological planning and protection design

The knowledge of botany, ecology, natural geography, landscape ecology, geographical information system will be used to study ecosystem assessment, ecological civilization construction planning, natural protected area planning, ecological protection zones delineation, ecological service function evaluation, ecological security pattern optimization, and ecological compensation. This studies will provide the basis for national and regional ecological civilization construction.

We warmly welcome individual with sound academic background in natural geography, botany, ecology, forestry, soil, biology, and as well as remote sensing and geographic information systems to join our team for pursuing a doctor's degree or cooperative researches. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences may provide fellowships including CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship Programme for doctoral candidates, Chinese Government Scholarship—Chinese University Program for graduate study at UCAS, Scholarship for Students from Hong Kong, Macao & Taiwan and UCAS Scholarship for International Students. The Chinese Academy of Sciences offers various international fellowships to support highly-qualified international scientists and postdoctoral scholars to work and study in my institute.

Selected Publication


1.        Xiong QL, Pan KW*, Zhang L*, Wang YJ, Li W., He XJ, Luo HY. Warming and nitrogen deposition are interactive in shaping surface soil microbial communities near the alpine timberline zone on the eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, southwestern China. Applied Soil Ecology, 2016, 101: 72-83

2.        Wang W, Wu X, Hu K, et al. Understory fine root mass and morphology in the litter and upper soil layers of three Chinese subtropical forests. Plant and Soil, 2016: 1-12

3.        Zhang L, Liu LJ, Pan KW*, Li W, Wang YJ, Deng MR. Post-wildfire soil and plant foliar nutrient ratios and soil fungi:bacterial ratios in alpine meadows on the southeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 2015, 24: 933-939

4.        Liu CG, Wang YJ, Pan KW, Jin YQ, Li W, Zhang L. Effects of phosphorus application on photosynthetic carbon and nitrogen metabolism, water use efficiency and growth of dwarf bamboo (Fargesia rufa) subjected to water deficit. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 2015, 96:20-28

5.        Liu CG, Wang YJ*, Pan KW*, Jin YQ, Liang J, Li W, Zhang L. Photosynthetic carbon and nitrogen metabolism and the relationship between their metabolites and lipid peroxidation in dwarf bamboo (Fargesia rufa Yi) during drought and subsequent recovery. Trees-Structure and Function, 2015, 29:1633-1647

6.        Pan KW,Gong PM,Wang JC,Wang YJ,Liu CG,Li W,Zhang L. Applications of nitrate and ammonium fertilizers alter soil nematode food webs in a continuous cucumber cropping system in Southwestern Sichuan, China. Eurasian J Soil Sci 2015, 4 (4): 287 – 300.

7.        Li W, Pan KW*, Wu N., Wang J.C., Wang Y.J., Zhang L. Effect of litter type on soil microbial parameters and dissolved organic carbon in a laboratory microcosm experiment. Plant Soil Environ(2014)60(4):170-176

8.        Liu C.G., Wang Y.J.*, Pan KW*, Zhu T.T., Li W., Zhang L. Carbon and nitrogen metabolism in leaves and roots of dwarf bamboo (Fargesia denudata Yi) subjected to drought for two consecutive years during sprouting period. J Plant Growth Regul (2014) 33:243-255

9.        Liu C.G., Wang Y.J.*, Pan KW*, Zhu T.T., Li W., Zhang L. Responses of the Antioxidative Defense System to Drought Stress in the Leaves of Fargesia denudata Seedlings, the Staple Food of the Giant Panda. Russ J Plant Physiol. (2014) 61(3):374-373

10.        Shen X.Y., Liu C.G., Pan KW*. Reproductive Biological Characteristics of Dendrobium Species. Reproductive biology of plants. Edited by K . R . Shivanna,CRC Press 2014,P 195–217,Print ISBN: 978-1-4822-0132-1,eBook ISBN: 978-1-4822-0133-8,DOI: 10.1201/b16535-11

11.        Sun X.M., Zhang X.K., Zhang S.X., Dai G.H., Han S.J., Liang W.J.. Soil nematode responses to increases in nitrogen deposition and precipitation in a temperate forest. PLoS ONE(2013)8(12): e82468.

12.        Li, Q.S., Lu, Y.L., Shi, Y.J., Wang, T.Y., Ni, K., Xu L., Liu S.J., Wang L., Xiong Q.L. Combined effects of cadmium and fluoranthene on germination, growth and photosynthesis of soybean seedlings. Journal of Environmental Sciences(2013)9: 1936–1946.

13.        Wu X., Zhang X.K., Yu J., Sun X.M., Liang W.J. Impact of organic amendments on nematode distribution within aggregate fractions in aeolian sandy soil. Nematology(2012)44(4): 497-497.

14.        Han C.M., Li C.L., Ye S.P., Wang H., Pan KW*, Wu N., Wang Y.J., Li W., Zhang L. Autotoxic effects of aqueous extracts of ginger on growth of ginger seeding and on antioxidant enzymes, membrane permeability and lipid peroxidation in leaves. Allelopathy Journal (2012) 30 (2): 259-270

15.        Pang S.M., Pan KW*, Wang Y.J.*, Li W., Zhang L., Chen Q.B. Floral morphology and reproductive biology of Dendrobium jiajiangense (Orchidaceae) in Mt. Fotang, southwestern China. Flora (2012) 207: 469-474

16.        Cao G.X., Xue L., Li Y.,Pan KW. The relative importance of architecture and resource competition in allocation to pollen and ovule number within inflorescences of Hosta ventricosa varies with the resource pools. Annals of Botany (2011) 107(8): 1413-1419

17.        Zhang L., Wu Y., Wu N., Luo P., Liu L., Hu H.Y. Effect of vegetation types on soil phosphorus fractions near timberline on the Tibetan Plateau. Polish Journal of ecology (2011) 59(2):307-316.

18.        Bai H.H., Bao X.L., Sun X.M., Jiang S.W. The effect of stocking rate on soil glomalin under traditional and mixed grazing systems in a temperate steppe. Procedia Environmental Sciences (2011)11: 817-823.

19.        Pan KW, Xu Z.H., et al. Application of (NH4)2SO4 to study N dynamics in hoop pine plantation and adjacent native forest of subtropical Australia: the effects of injection depth and litter addition. Journal of Soils and Sediments (2009) 9: 515-525

20.        Li H.Y., Pan KW*, Liu Q., Wang J. C. Effect of enhanced ultraviolet-B on allelopathic potential of Zanthoxylum bungeanum. Scientia Horticulturae (2009) 119(3): 3140-3143

21.        Li W., Pan KW*, Wu N., Wang J.C., Han C.M., Liang X.L. Effects of mixing pine and broadleaved tree/shrub litter on decomposition and N dynamics in laboratory microcosms. Ecological Research (2009) 24: 761-769

22.        Wang, J.C., Wu Y. , Wang Q., Peng Y.L., Pan KW, Luo P., Wu N. Allelopathic effects of Jatropha curcas on marigold (Tagetes erecta L.). Allelopathy Journal (2009) 24(1): 123-130

23.        Pan KW, Xu Z.H., Blumfield T., Totua S., Lu M.X. In situ mineral N dynamics and fate of added 15NH4+ in hoop pine plantation and adjacent native forest in subtropical Australia. Journal of Soils and Sediments (2008) 8: 398-405

24.        Han C.M., Pan KW*, Wu N., Wang J.C., Li W. Allelopathic effect of ginger on seed germination and seedling growth of soybean and chive. Scientia Horticulturae (2008) 116(3): 330-336

25.        Pan KW, Wang J.C.*, Lv K., Song L. Effects of leaf leachates of Zanthoxylum bungeanum on soil enzymes, chemical properties and its own seedlings growth. Allelopathy Journal (2008) 22:153-166

26.        Sun S.C., Bao W.K., Pan KW, Gao X.M. Restoring mountain slope forests by strip-cutting shrubs in the upper reaches of Minjiang River, Sichuan, China: a biodiversity-oriented silviculture experiment. Chinese Forestry Science and Technology (2004) 3(1): 7-16

27.        Pan KW. et al. TAPPSC: An effective method of soil and water conservation during the process of reforestation? Proceedings of 12th international soil conservation organization conference, Vol III (Jiao Juren et al edition). Tsinghua University Press, 2002, p81-84

28.        Pan KW et al. Restoration and rehabilitation of degraded forest ecosystem on the eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. Proceedings of the IUFRO Conference on Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forest, Documenting Forest Research Knowledge and Practices in Boreal and Temperate Ecosystems (Emile S. Gardiner and Lynne J. Breland edited, ISSN 1600-8790). 2002. p165-166. Danish Center for Forest, Landscape and Planning

29.        Pan KW, Zhang L, Shao YH, Fu SL*. Special observational network of soil fauna diversity in China: revealing the mystery of soils. Biodiversity Science. 2016, doi: 10.17520/biods.2016019.

30.        Li LJ, Xiong QL, Pan KW*, Zhang L*. The responses of soil protozoan communities to Quercus aquifolioides: recovery after cutting and growing season dynamics. Biodiversity Science. 2015, 23 (6): 793–801

31.        Song DG, Pan KW*. Advances in researches on ecological benefit evaluation of the Grain for Green Project in China. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2015, 36(3):45-49.

32.        Zhu TT, Li W*, Liu CG, Pan KW*. Effect of Dendrocalamus latiflorus and Eucalyptus grandis plantations on soil nematode community in Sichuan Basin. Chinese Journal of Ecology. 2014, 33(4):1034-1041

33.        Li Q, Jin GX, Deng H, Yang L, Pan KW*, Jiang Y. The Effect of 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake on staple bamboos and the habitat for Giant Pandas in Baihe Nature Reserve in Sichuan. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2014, 35(5):80-83

34.        Huang Q, Zhu SH, Li LH, Xiong Y, Shen XY, Pan KW*. A Study of insect pests damaging tree trunks of Zanthoxylum bungeanum Plantation in Aba Zang-Qiang Autonomous Prefecture. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2013, 34(6):56-59

35.        Han CM, Li CL,Ye SP,Pan KW*,Wu N,Li W. Comparative study on the quality and economic benefit of ginger under different cultivated patterns. Northern Horticulture,2013, 22:41-43

36.        Zhang MX, Ji M, Li W*, Liu HC, Wang YJ, Zhang L, Pan KW*. Effect of land use patterns on soil aggregate stability and aggregate-associated organic carbon. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2013, 19(4):598-604

37.        Han CM, Li CL,Ye SP,Pan KW*,Wu N,Li W. Effects of different cultivation patterns on morphological index and rhizome yields of Ginger. Northern Horticulture, 2013, (12):18-20

38.        Ma QX, Li W*, Pan KW*, Zhang L, Wang YJ. Effect of continuous glucose addition on soil N transformation of the Pinus tabulaeformis and Cercidiphyllum japonicum plantations. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2013, 19(3):426-433

39.        Ji M, Liu HC, Li W,Pan KW*, et al. The present situation and strategies of Grain for Green Project of Chengdu City. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2013, 34(2):91-94

40.        Liu CG, Huang Q, Deng MR, Shen XY, Liu LJ, Zhang L, Li W, Pan KW*. Energy, material and value flows in the different systems of Chinese prickly ash-crop intercropping in the upper reaches of the Minjiang river. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2013, 22(1):116-122

41.        Han C M,Li C L,Ye S P,Pan KW*, et al. Effects of ginger aqueous extract on soil enzyme activity,microbial community structure and soil nutrient content in the rhizosphere soil of ginger seedlings. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2012, 32( 2):0489-0498.

42.        Liu DH, Liu YH, Xiong H, Xu FX, Pan KW, et al. Research on the harmfulness, prevention and control of main agricultural weather disaster in Southwest China. Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology. 2011, 32: 208-212

43.        Li K, Zeng XB, Li ZB, Pan KW*, et al. Soil and litter water-holding capacity of Dendrocalamus latiflorus plantations on different slope positions after converting cropland to forest in Chengdu. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2011, 32(4):96-98

44.        Li FF, Li ZB, Pan KW*, et al. Research on the improvement effect of the main afforestation tree or bamboo species on physical properties of soil moisture after converting cropland to forest in Chengdu. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2011, 32(3):66-68

45.        Zhang XP, Pan KW*, Wang JC, Chen QB. Effects of decomposition of mixed leaf litters of the Castanopsis platyacantha Schima sinensis forest on soil organic carbon. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2011, 31(6):1582-1593

46.        Mu R,Pan KW*,Wang JC,Chen QB. Effects of ferulic acid,p-hydroxybenzoic acid and their mixture on mineral nitrogen and relative microbial function groups in forest soils. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2011, 31(3):0793-0800

47.        Luo XY, Pan KW*. A Study of problems and solutions in forest management and conservation in the hilly region of middle Sichuan. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2010, 31(4):117-119

48.        Huang R, Pan KW*, Wang JC, Li W. Comparison of soil nitrogen status among three stand types in the semiarid areas of upper reaches of the Minjiang River. Acta Ecologica Sinica,2010,30(5):1210~1216

49.        Gong PM, Pan KW*,Wang JC, et al. Effects of two forms of mineral nitrogenous fertilizers on nematode community composition and diversity in rhizosphere of cucumber in greenhouses. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2009, 29(2):1009-1016

50.        Liu ZW, Duan EJ, Pan KW, et al. C and N allocation patterns in planted forests and their release patterns during leaf litter decomposition in subalpine area of west Sichuan. Chinese Journal of App lied Ecology, 2009, 28(1):1-6

51.        Li XY, Zhang YB, Pan KW*, et al. Effects of elevated temperature on reproductive phenology and growth of Allium xichuanense and Anemone rivularis in timberline ecotone. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2009, 28(1):12-18

52.        Zhou XM, Pan KW*, Wang JC. Effects of native Pinus tabulaeformis and exotic Pinus radiata afforestation on soil phosphorus in the upper reaches of Minjiang River. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2009, 29(12):6630-6637

53.        Zhang JM, Su YM, Pan KW*, et al. A study of the method of determining the area of forest land requisition for the building of the transmission line. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2009, 30(6):124-125

54.        Liang XL, Pan KW*, Wang JC. Releasing dynamics of phenolic acid during Zanthoxylum bungeanum litter decomposition and effects of its aqueous extract on soil chemical properties. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2008, 28(10): 4676-4684

55.        Liu ZW, Gao WJ, Pan KW, et al. Effects of soil mixing incubation of 4 species litters of artificial forests on the biochemical characteristics. Journal of Northwest A & F University, 2007, 7: 48-54

56.        Li X, Pan KW, Gao P, et al. Effect of the pesticide on soil microbe and enzyme activity. Journal of Anhui Agri. Sci, 2007, 21: 6510-6512

57.        Chen J, Pan KW, Bi SR, Gu B, Wang JC, Liu XR. Study on stem apex tissue culture of Zingiber officinale and the control of contamination rate. Journal of Changjiang Vegetables, 2007, 1: 38-40

58.        Liu ZW, Gao WJ, Pan KW, et al. Influences of soil mixing of different forests on the biochemical characteristics and litter decomposition on upper reach of Minjiang River. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2007, 27(10):4149-4156

59.        Chen J, Pan KW, Gu B. Physiological function and mechanism of abscisic acid in plants under stress. Plant Physiology Communications, 2006, 42(6):1176-1182

60.        Chen J, Pan KW, Gu B, et al. Atractylodes macrocephala rapid propagation by direct shoot and plant regeneration by leaf. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2006, 22(11):65-69

61.        Song L, Pan KW*, Wang JC, Ma YH. Effects of phenolic acids on seed germination and seedling antioxidant enzyme activity of alfalfa. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2006,26(10):3393-4303

62.        Lu K, Pan KW*, Wang JC. Effects of Zanthoxylum bungeanum leaf extract on soil microbe quantity and enzyme activities. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2006,17(9):1649-1654

63.        Liu ZW, Pan KW, Du HX, et al. Effects of C and N disturbances on decomposition of leaf litter in forests. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2006, 20(4):160-162

64.        Du HX, Liu ZW, Pan KW, et al. Effects of external source C, N disturbances on enzymes activities of forest soil. Journal of Northwest Forestry University, 2006, 21(2):35-38

65.        Liu ZW, Pan KW, Du HX. Research progress on nitrogen relationship between forest plants, litter and soil microorganisms. Journal of Northwest Forestry University,2006,21(1):72-75

66.        Liu ZW, Gao WJ, Pan KW. Discussion on the study methods and models of litter decomposition. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2006, 26(6):1993-2000

67.        Wang JC, Pan KW*,Wu N. The study on varietal differences in allelopathic potential of Chinese prickly ash. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2005, 25(7):77-85.

68.        Chen YP, Pan KW*, Wu N, et al. Effect of litter quality and decomposition on mineralization in soil of Castanopsis platycantha-Schima sinensis forest. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2005,11(2):146-151

69.        Wang JC, Pan KW*,Wu N, et al. Effect of simplied agroforest system of Sichuan pepper on some ecological factors. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2005, 11(1):36-39

70.        Liu ZW, Pan KW. Problems in Olson's litter decomposition model and its revision. Journal of Northwest Sci-Tech Univ. of Agri. and For. (Nat. Sci. Ed.), 2005, 33(1):69-70

71.        Gao XB,Liu ZW,Pan KW, et al. Preliminary studies on soil enzymes activities of typical forest ecosystem in Minjiang Areas. Journal of Northwest Forestry University,2005,20(3):1-5

72.        Li FH,Wang YT, Pan KW. Progress, problems and prospects of maize Curvularia leaf spot disease. Plant Protection, 2004, 30(6):5-10

73.        Wang JC, Pan KW*, Li FH. Status and prospects of allelopathy in molecular level and soil ecosystem. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2004, 23(6):125-130

74.        Pan KW, Wu N, Pan KZ. A discussion on the issues of the re-construction of ecological shelter zone on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2004, 24(3):617-629

75.        Pan KW, He J and Wu N. Effect of forest litter on microenvironment conditions of forestland. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2004, 15(1):153-158

76.        Zhao CM, Chen QH, Qiao YK, Pan KW. Structure and spatial pattern of a nature Abies faxoniana population on the eastern edge of Qinghai Tibetan Plateau. Acta Phytoecological Sinica, 2004, 28(3):341-350

77.        Liu ZW, Pan KW,Li YS. Discussion on nutrients relationship between the primary producers and decomposers in forest-ecosystem. Science of Soil and Water Conservation,2003,(4):102-105

78.        Pan KW, Zhang YB. Percentage of soil absolute moisture content at different succession stages of Castanopsis platyacantha Schima sinensis formation in central subtropical zone of Sichuan Province. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2003, 14(2):165-169

79.        Zhang YB,Wang KY,Hu TX,Pan KW, et al. Plant species diversity of understory communities in Castanopsis platycantha-Schima sinensis formation. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2003, 9(5):465-470

80.        Zhang YB,Wang KY,Hu TX,Pan KW, et al. Analysis on growth of Castanopsis platycantha in two different stands. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2003, 9(4):336-340

81.        Zhang YM, He J, Pan KW*, et al. Potential contribution of the soil seed banks to the restoration of native plants. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2003, 9(3):326-332

82.        WanT, Zhang JM, Pan KW. Ecological function and restoration strategies of forests in the regions of evergreen broad leaved forest in the lower and middle mountain areas in the Upper Reaches of the Yangtze River. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2003, 24(1):56-60

83.        Wan T, Zhang JM, Pan KW. The growth law of the mean individual from artificial community of 10 years old Cercidiphyllum japonicum. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2002, 3:34-38

84.        Zhao CM, Chen QH, Qiao YK, Pan KW. Dynamics of species diversity in the restoration process of artificial spruce conifer forest in the eastern edge of Qinghai Tibetan Plateau. Acta Phytoecological Sinica, 2002, 26:20-29

85.        Pan KW, Zhang YM, Liu ZG,et al. Comparative study on microclimate of vegetation over different successional stages of Castanopsis platycantha-Schima sinensis formation the central subtropical zone in Sichuan province. Acta Phytoecological Sinica, 2002, 26(2):195-202

86.        Liu Q, Qiao YK, Wu N, Pan KW, et al. Mechanism of ecological degradation of mountain ecosystem in the upper reaches of the Minjiang River: effects of keystone populations. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin, 2002, 11(3):274-278

87.        Pan KW and Liu ZG. Grey correlation and cluster analysis on relationship between Cercidiphyllum japonicum community and its environment. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2001,12(2):161-167

88.        Wu Y, Liu Q, Qiao YK, Pan KW, et al. Species diversity changes in subalpine coniferous forests of different restoration stages and their effects on soil properties. Acta Phytoecological Sinica, 2001, 25(6):648-655

89.        Pan KW, Liu ZG. The distribution and circulation of nutrient element contents and accumulation in the young artificial Cercidphyllum japonicum community. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2001, 37(2):1-12

90.        Liu ZG,Pan KW. Difficulties and strategies for Grain for Green Project in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin, 2001, 10(5): 426-431

91.        Pan KW, Liu CL, Liu ZG, et al. Climate resource and the utilization strategies in Mt. Wawushan area. Journal of Mountain Science, 2000, 18(2):1-8

92.        Pan KW, Liu ZG. Biomass from artificial community of 10 a Cercidiphyllum japonicum. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 1999, 5(2): 121-130.

93.        Pan KW. Structures of the artificial mixed forests in the clear-cut area of subalpine dark coniferous forests on the upper branches of the Minjing River. Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research, 1999, 7(2):130-136

94.        Pan KW. The content of available Al of the top soil and its effect on the growth of Cercidiphyllum japonicum communities in Dagou valley in Sichuan. Journal of Mountain Science, 1999, 17(2):147-151

95.        Pan KW, Yang DS, Jiang X. The change and change trend prediction of forest soil erosion after improvement of the deteriorated forests of masson pine (Pinus massoniana) in Sichuan Basin. Journal of Soil Erosion and Soil and Water Conservation, 1995, 1(1): 48-53

96.        Pan KW, Yang DS, Jiang X. On the technology of multiple-stratum management system with the deteriorated forests of masson pine (Pinus massonia). Journal of Sichuan Agricultural University, 1995, 13(2): 188-191, 149


Jiang HB, Pan KW, Li N, Zhou XM and Chen JZ. Nondestructive detection method for three weft structure of plant root system201510028033.1

Selected Projects

2016-2020: Sub-task of National Key Research and Development Plan:“Formation mechanism of ecological pattern in Southwestern China”.

2015-2019: Sub-project of National Science and Technology Support Program: “Management techniques of resource-efficient agroforestry in the low and hilly land in the southwestern China”.

2016-2017: Large enterprises entrusted project: "Ecological impact assessment of construction of the Cosmic Ray Observation Station in High Altitude Area on Haizishan National Nature Reserve in Sichuan".

2016-2017: STS project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences: "technology integration and demonstration of agroforestry system".

2016-2018: National Natural Science Foundation of China Youth Foud:“Response of soil nematode micro food web to nitrogen deposition and extreme drought.

2014-2017: National Natural Science Foundation of China: “The structure and function of soil food webs and its responses of drought and enhanced rainfall between the comparable systems of Zanthoxylum bungeanum monoculture and mixtures with cover crops on the upper reaches of Minjiang River”.

2012-2014: National Natural Science Foundation of China: “The effect of simulated warming and nitrogen deposition on the ecological stoichiometry relationship of C, N and P in shrub plant— soil of alpine timberline ecotone”.

2011-2013: National Natural Science Foundation of China: “The response of respiratory metabolism and mitochondrial defense pathways of reactive oxygen species in Fargesia root to drought stress and phosphorus addition.”

2011-2015Sub-task of National Science and Technology Support Program: “The control technology of valley soil erosion.”

2010-2012: National Natural Science Foundation of China Youth Foud : “Dynamics of soil dissolved organic and nitrogen and their responses to litter decomposition under the typical artificial plantations of the upper reaches of Minjiang River”.

2006-2010: Sub-project of National Key Technologies R & D Program of China: “Techniques and demonstration of ecological planting and breeding as well as agroforestry in the surrounding regions of natural heritages sites.”

2008: Global Environment Fund Programme: “The biodiversity surveys and risk assessment of Wenchuan disaster regions in Sichuan Province”.

2005-2009: Sub-project of National Key Technologies R & D Program of China: “Configuration of eco-agricultural model as well as the demonstration of its regulated and controlled technologies in the valley”.

1998-2000: Sub-task of Key projects of Chinese Academy of Sciences "Natural restoration of degraded evergreen broad leaved forest in mid subtropical zone of China"