Center for Ecological Studies

BAO Weikai Research Group

Research Group for Ecological Restoration & Biodiversity Conservation for Mountain Ecosystems

Update time: 08/21/2009

Mountains including plateaus cover about 70% areas of terrestrial China and foster a ratio of about 45% peoples for China populations, therefore it is central to the national sustainable development. Mountains, as fragile ecosystems with unique biodiversity and natural resources, need to careful exploit and wise use on various resources in order to guaranteeing ecological safety, sustaining biodiversity and promoting people’s livelihoods. But during recent several decades, anthropogenic activities and global climate change have dramatic influences on the stability of fragile mountain ecosystems, biodiversity development, and the livelihoods of mountain people. Nowadays ecological damage and biodiversity decline are seriously challenging mountain sustainable development nowadays. Currently an arduous assignment for mountain region development is pressing to promote ecological restoration and meanwhile to conserve and manage biodiversity as a natural heritage, and a resource for livelihoods and ecological resilience.

The group works mainly for the eastern Tibetan Plateau and the upper reaches of Yangtze River, the Mountains of Southwest China, which is one of the famous biodiversity hotspots and indispensable ecological safeguard barrier regions for downstream regional development. They focus researches on ecological restoration and biodiversity conservation. Overall, The objectives of their works are to explore effects of anthropogenic activities including traditional management practices and mechanism of mountain vegetation degradation and restoration, to search scientific and technological solutions in the ecological restoration and biodiversity conservation of the unique mountain ecosystems, ultimately to facilitate the development of appropriate policies and technologies and increase our scientific and technological knowledge for the unique mountain ecosystems.

1. Staff and graduates

The group is composed of five staffs and ten graduates.


Weikai Bao

Plant ecology


Xueyong Pang

Soil ecology


Li Leng

Chemical analysis


Fanglan Li

Functional botany


Xiaoli Yan

Bryophyte ecology



Graduate name





Sujuan Wang

Soil effects of forest restoration


Ph D

Qihua He

Plantation restoration effects


Ph D

Xiaoli Wu

Plant adaptation


Ph D

Yanjiao Li

Ecological restoration


Ph D

Yechun Wang

Alpine cutover restoration


Ph D

Cheng Wang

Soil function restoration



Yuanming Jiang

Soil function restoration



Xin Liu

Alpine biodiversity conservation



Shuiyan Gou

plant Function ecology



Kun Xu

plant Function ecology



Zhe Wang

Bryophyte function



Fu Xin




Prof. Dr. Weikai Bao

Key Laboratory of Ecological Restoration

Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

No.9, Section 4, Renming South Ave.

P.O. Box 416, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041,

P R China.

Tel: +86-28-85231656

Fax: +86-28-85222753



After graduated from Southwestern Forestry University and obtained his bachelor degree in Foresty in June 1989, Prof. Bao entered Central Southern Forestry University and earned a master degree in Forest Ecology in June 1992. Since July 1992, he has been working in Ecological center of the Chengdu Institute of Biology (CIB), the Chinese Academy Sciences (CAS). He received his doctoral degree from the Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research in Forest Ecology, the Chinese Academy Sciences in April 1999. Currently he is a research professor in CIB and the director of Maoxian Mountain Ecosystem Research Station of the CAS. He also serves as an active member of China Society on Tibetan Plateau (CSTP) and as a depute general-secretary of Botanical Society of Sichuan.

Dr. Bao has been focused his research on ecological restoration and plant biodiversity conservation for mountain ecosystems, especially in eastern Tibetan Plateau and the upper reaches of Yangtze River. He publishes over 150 peer-reviewed publications in both national and international Journals and is a co-author of five books. 


Ms. Fanglan Li graduated from College of Life Science of Northwest Normal University and obtained B.S. degree in Biology in June 2002 and then got Ph.D degree in Botany in School of graduate, the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Currently she works as an assistant Professor in the key laboratory of ecological Restoration, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Her research interests is in functional botany, including plant functional adaptation from the dry valley of eastern Tibetan Plateau, biological fixation of some leguminous plants native to the dry valley under drought stress and ecological restoration of the dry valley ecosystem. Dr. Li implements two research projects: the capacity of biological fixation of leguminous plants in response to drought stress (2008-2010) and the eco-physiological mechanism of drought limitation on the biological fixation activity of legumes (2009-2010). Ms. Li publishes over 20 publications in peer-reviewed Journals

Selected Publications

[1]   Li, F.L., Zhu, L. H., Bao, W.K. 2009. Effect of environmental stress on seedlings root growth and nodulation of leguminous shrubs in the dry valley of Minjiang River. Chin. J. Appl. Ecol., 20(8): 1825–1831

[2]   Li, F.L., Bao, W.K., Pang, X.Y.,et al.L. 2009. Seedling emergence, survival and growth of five endemic species in the dry valley of Minjiang River. Acta Ecol. Sin., 29(5): 2219–2230.

[3]   Li, F.L., Bao, W.K., Wu, N., et al. 2008. Growth, biomass partitioning, and water use efficiency of leguminous shrub (Bauhinia faberi var. microphylla) seedlings in response to water stress. New Forests, 36: 53–65

[4]   Li, F.L., Bao, W.K., Liu, J.H., 2005. Leaf characteristics of cotinus coggygria along an elevation gradient and their relationship to environmental factors in dry valley of the upper Minjiang River. Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occident. Sin. 25 (11): 2277–2284.

[5]   Li, F.L., Bao, W.K., 2005. Responses of the morphological and anatomical of the plant leaf to environmental change, Chin. Bullet. Bot., 22: 118–127.

[6]   Li, F.L., Bao, W.K., Liu, J.H., et al., 2006. Eco-anatomical characteristics of Sophora davidii (Franch.) Skeels leaves along an elevation gradient in the dry Minjiang River valley, China. Chin. J. Appl. Ecol. 17(1), 5–10. 



Xiaoli Yan


P.O. Box 416, Chengdu 610041, PR China.

Chengdu Institute of Biology, CAS

Zip code



86+28+ 8521 9230


86+28+ 8522 2753









Ms Xiaoli Yan graduated from Department of Horticulture of the College of Life Sciences in Shanxi Agriculture University in June 2000 and earned his Master degree in Bryophye biology in Guizhou University in June 2005. since 2005 she works as a research assistant in Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Ms Yan pays special attentions to effect of forestry management on understory biodiversity and using bryophyte as indicative function on ecological restoration. She has published over ten publications.

Selected publications:

1.  Yan, X. L., W. K. Bao, and Z. Zhu. 2009. Effect of Tourism on Epiphytic Bryophyte Community Growing on Abies faxoniana Trees in Primary Forests in the Jiuzhaigou World Nature Heritage, China. Chinese Journal of Applied & Environemtal Biology 15.

2.  Yan, X. L., Z. Q. Zhou, and W. K. Bao. 2009. Effect of management practices on restoration of degraded turf. Grassland and turf:1-7.

3.  Yan, X. L. and W. K. Bao. 2008. Evaluation of species composition and development of bryophyte community during early natural recovery progress of high-altitude spruce cutovers. Biodiversity Scenece 16:110-117.

4.  Yan, X. L. and W. K. Bao. 2008. Structure and species composition of ground bryophyte community of high-altitude young silvicultural cutovers in Rangtang County, China: evaluation on effects of clear-cutting and silvicultural management. Journal of Plant Ecology 32:815-824.

5.  Xiong, Y. X. and X. L. Yan. 2008. Mosses flora of Red River in Guizhou Province. Guihaia 28:37-46.


    Xueyong Pang graduated from College of Agriculture of the Sichuan Agriculture University and earned in soil and plant nutrition in June 1999 and Master degree in soil ecology in June 2002. Then, he jioned the group and worked as research assistant in Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Pang obtained his Ph.D degree in the School of Graduate of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in June 2009. Currently Dr. Pang is an assistant professor in the key laboratory of Ecological restoration, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. He interestingly research soil ecology and evaluation on soil effects of agriculture & forestry practices. Dr. Pang operates three projects: The effect of forestry management on dynamics of soil carbon, nitrogen and turnover (2008.1-2010.12), Secondary vegetation restoration process and its ecological benefit (2005.12-2009.12), and dynamics of soil labile organic carbon and turnover during vegetation restoration process (2007.4-2009.4). Dr. Pang publishes over thirty peer-reviewed publications.



  Selected publications:

[1] Pang X Y, Bao W. K., Wu N. The effect of clear-cutting of subalpine coniferous forest on soil physical and chemical properties in the eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. Land Degradation and Development. 2009 (under review).

[2] Pang, X. Y., Bao, W. K.Zhang, Y. M. Evaluation of soil fertility under different Cupressus chengiana forests using multivariate approach. Pedosphere. 200616(5): 602-615.

[3] Yin, C., Pang, X., Chen, K., The effects of water, nutrient availability and their interaction on the growth, morphology and physiology of two poplar species. Environmental and Experimental Botany (2008), doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2009.06.003.

[4] Yin, C., Pang, X., Chen, K., The effects of water, nutrient availability and their interaction on the growth, morphology and physiology of two poplar species. Environmental and Experimental Botany (2008), doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2009.06.003.

[5] Pang X., Wu N., Liu Q., Bao W. The relation of soil microorganism, enzyme activity and soil nutrients under subalpine coniferous forest in Western Sichuan. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2009(in press).

Research projects

²     Ecosystem conservation and sustainable management for Jiuzhaigou world nature heritage, Sichuan, China (National Key Project of China), 2006-2010

²     Functional adaptation of plant to drought and vegetation restoration in the dry valleys (CAS innovation project) 2005-2011

²     Restoration process and adaptative technology of secondary vegetation in mid-montane regions (CAS innovation project) 2005-2010

²     Effects of traditional forestry practices on species composition, structure, biodiversity of understorey community (vascular plants and bryophyte) in the Western Sichuan, China (Natural Science Foundation of China) 2006-2010

²     Alpine vegetation succession on cutover and its effects in the upper reaches of Dadu River, eastern Tibetan Plateau (973 project)2006-2010

²     Landscape dynamics of forest restoration and its functional effects (CAS field Station Foundation) 2006-2009

²     Dynamic and turnover of physical fraction carbon and nitrogen in soil after application of traditional forestry practices (Natural Science Foundation of China).2008-2010

²     Searching optimal production and management for agroforestry on slopelands. 2007-2010 


Recent Publications


1.     Yan X L, Bao W.K, Zhu Z (2009) Effect of tourism disturbance on epiphytic bryophytes growing on Abies faxoniana trees of primary coniferous forest in Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve.与环境生物学报, 2009, (2):

2.     Bao W.K & Lei B (2009) Evaluating the Changes of Structure and Biomass of Three Common Forest-floor Mosses in Cutovers and Primary Spruce Forest in the Eastern Tibetan Plateau. 与环境生物学报, 2009, 15 (1): 8-15

3.     Li F L, Bao W K, Wu N (2009) Effects of water stress on growth, dry matter allocation and water-use efficiency of a leguminous species, Sophora davidii. Agroforestry System.DOI 10.1007/s10457-008-9199-1

4.     Zhou Z Q, Bao W K, Wu N (2009). Effects of Scarification, Stratification and Chemical Treatments on the Germination of Rosa soulieana Crépin Achenes In: Zlesak DC (Ed) Roses. Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology 3 (Special Issue 1), 75-80

5.     Wu F.Z., Bao W. K., Zhou Z.Q., Wu N.(2009).Carbon accumulation, nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiency of Sophora davidii seedlings in response to nitrogen supply and water stress. Journal of Arid Environments, doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.06.007

6.     Yin, C., Pang, X.Y, Chen, K.(2009) The effects of water, nutrient availability and their interaction on the growth, morphology and physiology of two poplar species. Environmental and Experimental Botany (2008), doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2009.06.003.

7.     [4] Pang X.Y., Wu N., Liu Q., Bao W.K (2009) The relation of soil microorganism, enzyme activity and soil nutrients under subalpine coniferous forest in Western Sichuan. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2009(in press).

8.     周志,包楷,福忠, (2009) 岷江干旱河谷黄蔷薇和川滇蔷薇更新能力及其限制因素. 态学报, 29(4):1931-1939

9.     李芳,, 庞学勇,冷俐 (2009)岷江干旱河谷5种乡土植物的出苗、存活和生.态学报29(5):2219-2230

10.   ,雷波,庞学,闫晓丽,(2009) 大渡河上游不同林云杉人工林原始林下地表苔藓层结构与种组. 生物多 2009, 17 (2)201—209



11.   ,,李芳 (2008) 不同干旱迫强度下白刺花幼苗叶片的生理生化反. 与环境生物学报14 ( 6 ): 757~762

12.   Wu F Z, Bao W K, Li F L,Wu N 2008Effects of water stress and nitrogen supply on leaf gas exchange and fluorescence parameters of Sophora davidii seedlings. Photosynthetica 46 (1): 40-48

13.   Wu F Z, BAO W K, LI F L,WU N 2008Effects of drought stress and N supply on the growth, biomass partitioning and water-use efficiency of Sophora davidii seedlings. Environmental and Experimental Botany 63248–255

14.   Zhou Z Q, Bao W K, Wu N2008Dormancy and germination in Rosa multibracteata Hemsl. & E. H. Wilson. Scientia Horticulturae. Doi:10.1016/ j. scienta. 2008.08.017

15.   Zhou Z Q, Wu N, Bao W K, Qiu P F (2008) Post-dispersal factors regulating dormancy and germination of Rosa soulieana achenes. Belgian Journal of Botany, 141 (1) : 103-111

16.   Li F L, Bao W K, Wu N, You C (2008Growth, biomass partitioning, and water-use efficiency of a leguminous shrub in response to various water availabilities. New Forests36: 53–65

17.   Peng Y L, Tu W G, Bao W K, Gao X F, Wu N, Luo P, Xiao W Y. (2008) Aboveground biomass allocation and growth of PhragMites Australis ramets at four water depths in Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve, China.与环境生物学报, 14(20:153-157

18.   闫晓丽,楷(2008)高海拔幼林地表苔藓组与结构皆伐造林实践的影响评. 植物生态学报32 (4) 815~824

19.   闫晓丽,楷(2008)高海拔云杉林皆伐迹地早期自然恢复进程中苔藓组与发育程度. 生物多 2008, 16 (2): 110–117

20.   周志,,福忠,,宁(2008)岷江干旱河谷黄蔷 (Rosa hugonis)长与繁殖特征及其空.态学报284):18201828

21.   琰瑛,*,李芳2008)皆伐对青藏高原露梅群生长与繁殖的影.与环境生物学报141):3842

22.   楷(2008)汶川地震重灾退化及其恢重建. 院院刊, 234):324329

23.   楷,庞学勇(2008)四川汶川大地震重灾灾后生退化及其基本特点.与环境生物学报144):441444

24.   楷(2008)汶川大地震灾后生态环境破坏损状况初步.人居境,8:2728

25.   福忠,包楷, (2008) 外源施N岷江上游干旱河谷优势灌木白刺花(Sophora davidii)幼苗生,生物量及CNP分配的影.态学报, 28(8): 3817-24

26.   庞学勇,包楷,2008)岷江上游干旱河谷候特征及成因. 江流域与环境,17Z1):46-53



27.   李芳,, (2007) 岷江上游干旱河谷海拔梯度上四川黄栌(Cotinus szechuanensis) 叶片的生解剖. 与环境生物学报13(4)486-491

28.   ,何丙,李武斌,,李芳,庞学 (2007) 岷江上游山松人工林结构特征. 西南大学学报(自然科)29(8)129-133

29.   李芳,*, (2007) 岷江上游干旱河谷矮探春叶片特征与环境因子的. 热带亚热带植物学报15(4)315- 323

30.   周志,包楷,福忠,庞学勇,何 (2007) 岷江干旱河谷多苞薇生长与繁殖特征. 用生态学报. 2007, 18 (7) : 1407- 1413

31.   ,包楷,辜彬,,冷俐 (2007) 高等植物干热值特点.态环境, 16(3): 973-981

32.   李武斌,包楷,何丙,李芳 (2007) 岷江上游大流域油松人工幼林生物量成及其影因素.山地学报 25(2)236244

33.   孟令彬,包楷,庞学勇, (2007) 萌蘖对辽东栎再萌生能力的影与环境生物学报13 (1) : 1822

34.   ,包楷,辜彬,何,冷俐 (2007) 生高等植物含量及其特点,生态学杂志,2007, 26 (3) : 307 – 313

35.   常志勇,,何丙,以翠,何其 (2007) 岷江上游油松与华山松人工混交林降雨的截留分配效. 水土保持学报, 20(6): 36-40

36.   王乾,宁,罗鹏,易良,包楷,石福2007藏高原东缘亚高山叶林和采伐迹地中藓类速率及其影因子. 植物生态学报, 31 (3) 464469



37.   Pang X Y, Bao W K,Zhang Y M2006Evaluation of soil fertility under different cupressus chengiana forests using multivariate approach. Pedosphere, 16(5): 602-615

38.   Hao B Q, Wang L, Mu L C, Yao L, Zhang R, Tang M X, Bao W K (2006). A study of conservation genetics in Cupressus chengiana S.Y.Hu, an endangered endemic of China, using ISSR markers. Biochemical Genetics441/2):29-34

39.   李芳,包楷, (2006) 岷江上游干旱河谷海拔梯度上白刺花叶片生解剖特征 .用生态学报200617(1)5~10

40.   王晶,包楷,庞学范建容阿强 (2006) 大渡河上游干旱河谷需水. 自然学报21(2)252~259

41.   朱珠,包楷,庞学勇,李玉武 (2006) 旅游干扰对九寨冷杉林下植物种类组成及多性的影. 生物多性,14(4)284~291

42.   ,包 (2006) 冷杉林下地表苔主要斑生物量及其影因素。植物, 236):684-690

43.   王晶,包楷,何丙 (2006) 旅游活动对九寨降雨与径流水中磷特征究.生态环境,152):284-288

44.   孟令彬,,咏梅,庞学, (2006) 辽东栎萌生体的地上生物量及其件分配长参数.山地学报242):502-508

45.   孟令彬,,庞学, (2006) 萌蘖对辽东栎留存萌生株生长与结实的影. 用生态学报1710): 1771-1776

46.   李玉武,,庞学,朱珠,王晶 (2006) 扰对九寨核心景土壤生功能的影.中人口与环,16(2):319-322

47.   2006)成都市外及其管理策略. 四川林科技273):52-56

48.   李芳,,(2005) 岷江上游干旱河谷海拔梯度上四川黄栌叶片特征及其与环境的.西北植物学报,2005, 25(11): 2277-2284



49.   庞学,,咏梅 (2005) 藏高原部暗叶林采伐迹地土壤.世界科技与发展,27(1)62~67

50.   庞学,,咏梅2005藏高原部暗叶林采伐迹地小候及植被演替.世界科技与发展,27(3)47~53

51.   庞学,,咏梅 (2005) 岷江上游中山低效林改造土壤物理性的影. 水土保持通2005255):12-16

52.   王晶,,丁德蓉 (2005) 九寨林下地表流及其地表和土壤状况.水土保持学报193):93-96

53.   ,,李芳 (2005) 藏高原部原始林下地表主要苔特征及其影因素.态环境, 145):735-741

54.   庞学勇,包 (2005) 岷江柏各地理居群生长状况候因子分析.态环, 144):466-472

55.   孙书,,,王中磊 (2005) 岷江上游油松造林密度油松生和群落结构的影. 与环境生物学报, 111):8-13

56.   ,雷波,冷俐 (2005) 人工林地表苔植物生物量与碳储量比用生态学报, 16(10): 1817-1821

57.   ,冷俐 (2005) 植物光合色素含量定方法探——以暖地大叶藓为. 与环境生物学报112):235237

58.   ,冷俐 (2005) 相同件下三种藓类植物光合色素格局比.植物与环学报143:53-54

59.   庞学,楷,咏梅 (2005) 岷江上游中山低效林改造凋落物水文作用的影. 水土保持学报2005194):119-122155

60.   庞学,,咏梅,袁志忠(2005) 岷江柏林下土壤分特征及空分析. 山地学报235):596-605

61.   虹月,,王安 (2005) 植物的化元素含量及其特点,生态学杂志,241):5864

62.   李芳, (2005) 植物叶片形解剖结构对环化的响应与,植物 22(增刊):118-127

63.   徐亮,,庞学 (2005) 不同度下四川金川岷江柏子的芽特征.西北植物学报254):733739

64.   徐亮,,庞学(2005) 度、光照和子含水量四川小金岷江柏芽的影. 植物与环学报, 14(3): 21-25

65.   徐亮,, 庞学 (2005) 不同度下四川尔康岷江柏子的芽特征.与环境生物学报112):141145

66.   李玉武,,朱珠 (2005) 土壤有机碳库及其生态环境保.人口与环境,15刊):178-180

67.   ,庞学,,尤深,浩茹,胡庭 (2005) 土壤有机及其究方法. 27(5): 72-78

68.   建忠,张镱锂,万奇,会义,, (2005) 大渡河上游生方式的空格局土地利用/覆被. 农业工程学报, 21(3). 83-89

69.   建忠,张镱锂,万奇,,,林山, (2005) 基于植被演替的土地覆被——大渡河上游的森林采伐、更新和退化.D 地球科 35 (11): 1060~1073

70.   中旗,李文,, (2005)植被原生演替. 态学报25 (12) : 3383-3389

71.   Bao W K2005 Structural feature of Polytrichum juniperinum population along a cutover habitat restoration sequence of Eastern Tibetan Plateau. Ecological Research20(6): 701-707

72.   Zhang Y M, Bao W K, Pang X Y, Zhou G Y, Wu N. Changes in enzyme activities of spruce forests soil with different reforestation ages in eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Wuhan University Journal of Natural Sciences. 2005,10(4): 701—706

73.   Zhang Y M, Wu N, Zhou G Y, Bao W. K (2005) Changes in enzyme activities of spruce (Picea balfouriana) forest soil as related to burning in the eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Applied Soil Ecology. 30: 215-225

74.   ,李建,玉常,庞学,李芳2005)成都市生物植物多性保工作——成都市生物(植物)多性保护规划综. 成都林,141-19

75.   Sun S C, Bao W K, Pan K W Gao X M (2004) Restoring Mountain slope forests by strip-cutting shrubs in the upper reaches of Minjiang River, Sichuan, China: A Biodiversity-oriented silvicuture experiment. Chinese Forestry Science and Technology, 3(1): 7~16

76.   Zhang Y M, Zhou G Y, Wu NBao W K (2004) Changes in soil enzyme activities of spruce forests with different restoration ages in eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Pedosphere143):305~312