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Efficient expression, purification and characterization of native human cystatin C in Escherichia coli periplasm

Update time: 10/31/2016

Human cystatin C (HCC), encoded by cystatin 3 gene, is a 13.3 kDa endogenous cysteine proteinase inhibitor and an important biomarker of renal function. However, expressing recombinant cystatin C is difficult because of low yield and inclusion bodies in Escherichia coli (E. coil). In this study, we cloned HCC gene into pET-22b vector containing PelB leader signal sequence, which could direct the protein to the bacterial periplasm. Large amounts of soluble HCC could be efficiently expressed in the bacterial periplasm at 16 degrees C with 0.1 mM IPTG induction. The recombinant HCC was isolated in high purity by cation exchange chromatography and gel filtration chromatography. Furthermore, the HCC was characterized by circular dichroism (CD) and dynamic light scattering (DLS), and displayed biological activity against papain. Here, we provide a method to produce large amounts of soluble mature HCC in E. coli. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.